Wednesday, June 1, 2011


Kushtia is a district of Bangladesh and it is located in Khulna division. In 1947, Kushtia was created as a district with the partitioning of India and the creation of Bangladesh. Kushtia has existed as a separate district since the partition of India. But earlier, Kushtia was a part of Nadia District under Bengal Province of British India. Once Chuadanga and Meherpur were subdivisions of Kushtia but later these were converted to a separate district for ease of management. Kushtia district consists of six upazillas as well with one police Thana, five municipalities,
39 wards, 70 mahallas, 61 union parishads, 711 mouzas, and 979 villages. The upazillas are Kushtia Sadar, Daulatpur, Kumarkhali, Bheramara, Mirpur and Khoksa.

In 1869, Kushtia municipality was established in Kushtia. Hamilton's Gazetteer has the mention of Kushtia (Kustee) town and of the fact that the local people called the town Kushtay (Kushte). During the reign of Emperor Shahjahan, a river port was developed in the district. In 1860, a railway connection made with Kolkata (capital of British India). The Indigo Resistance Movement spread throughout the Bengal province in 1860 and then Shalghar Madhua in Kushtia district was one of the forerunners in this movement. The British government deployed an army platoon under the command of GG Morrison, to investigate into the matter. After negotiating with the farmers Morrison convinced the farmers to restart payment of taxes.  Subsequently, with the publication of the Indigo Commission Report an Act was passed prohibiting coercion of cultivators for indigo cultivation and the measure led to the end of the movement.

Kushtia had significant contribution to Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971. In April 1, 1971, the Pakistani army was completely overpowered and the mukti bahini took control of Kushtia. After the independence of Bangladesh several different development projects were undertaken in the district of Kushtia. The foundation stone of The Islamic University was laid at Shantidanga - Dalulpur under the districts of Kushtia - Jhenidah. But the University was shifted to Gazipur in 1982 and admission of students began in the session of 1985-86. Later in 1990 the University re-shifted to its original site at Shantidanga Dulalpur. Two subdivisions of Kushtia: Chuadanga and Meherpur were named separate districts in 1984.

Kushtia District has a total area of 1626.29 square kilometers. It is bounded by Rajshahi, Natore, Pabna districts to the North, Rajbari district to the east, West Bengal, Meherpur districts to the West and Chuadanga and Jhenaidah districts to the South. Major rivers that flow through this region are the Mathabhanga, Kaligonga, Kumar, Gouri and Ganges. In Kushtia, annual average temperature range 11 to 37.8 °C and the annual rainfall is 1419 mm. Kushtia District has a population of 15,128, 136 where, male 55.23% and female 44.77% (Muslims 96%, Hindus 3% and other religion 01%). Here the average literacy rate is 43.8% where, male 53.88% and female 46.12%.

Paddy, jute, oil seeds, onion, garlic, betel leaf, pulses, sugarcane, vegetables are the main crops in this region and main fruits are Mango, jackfruits, papaya, banana, litchi, coconut, guava and papaya. Economical environment in the Kushtia is normal. The rural economy of Kushtia is agriculture. The main occupations of the people are agriculture 21%, agricultural laborer 17%, wage laborer 4%, commerce 19%, service 13%, industry 9%, transport 5% and others 12%. But now a day due to good transport system, many small and medium industries are very curious about this region. Many people also work in the buying house and garments sector.

The transportation system in the Kushtia is very good. It is well connected with all the districts of Bangladesh and also in this region. The main transport system in the city is train, buses, mini buses, cars and rickshaws. Kushtia is well connected by highways, waterways and railways links to whole Bangladesh and capital city Dhaka, as well as other parts of Khulna, Rajshahi, Rangpur, Chittagong, Barisal, and Sylhet. Chinese auto bikes are getting popularity as urban transport. It is also inexpensive. Government owned Bangladesh Road Transport Authority (BRTC) provides bus services to Khulna and other cities. Besides this, many different companies bus are also available.

Kushtia has also good educational facilities. Islamic University is the famous educational institution in this region and also the whole country. Besides this, there are 1 Medical college, 3 Government colleges, 1 Government Polytechnic institute, 32 Private colleges, 10 Government high schools, 178 Private high schools, 41 Private junior schools, 331 Government primary schools, 278 Private primary schools, 46 Kindergartens, 42 Madrassas, 2 Vocational training institutes, 1 Law college, 1 School for handicapped students and 2 Teachers training institutes. Notable educational institutions are: Kushtia Government University College (1947), Kushtia Govt. Girls College, Kushtia Govt. Commercial Institute Kushtia High School and Kushtia Zilla School (1960), Khash Mathurapur High School (1942), Kushtia Islamia College (1968), Mission Primary School (1898), Bagoan Khirad Chanda Bidya Niketon, Gosain Durgapur M/L High School (1860) and Halsa high school (1972).

Kushtia has also some tourist attraction. The shrine of Lalon Fakir (the founder of the Baoul faith) is located at Cheouria. It is about 2 km from the Kushtia railway station. Kuthibari is another tourist attraction of this region because the great poet Rabindranath Tagore lived here for part of his life and wrote many memorable poems there. He built the Kuthibari as his office and residence, to collect revenue as a Zaminder, from local peasants. This is now a museum and it is cared for by the Archaeological Department of Bangladesh. The national poet of Bangladesh Kazi Nazrul Islam once visited this region.

If you want to know more about Kushtia, please visit: Kushtia Government Web Portal.


  1. All people are so active, they also always speak their correct language.

  2. Kushtian people are very good and their transportation system is also good.