Sunday, June 5, 2011


Faridpur is a district of Bangladesh and it is located in the Dhaka Division. The district is bounded by the Padma River to the north and east and across the river are Dhaka, Manikganj and Munshiganj districts, Gopalgonj, Shariatpur to the south, Madaripur to the east, Rajbari, Narail and Magura to the west. Many small and big river lies in this district. Small rivers are Arial khan, Modhumoti, Old Kumar, Chandana, Gouri and Bhubanshwar and Padma River is the big river in this region. As a result, the soil is highly fertile in this district. The main
depressions are Dhol Samudra, Beel Ramkeli, Shakuner Beel and Ghoradar Beel. It produced some of the most prominent politicians and cultural figures of Bengal.

Faridpur district has a large history. Emperor Akbar, the province of Bengal was formed into 33 financial sub-divisions in 1852. Faridpur area also appears to have been included with in the sub-division of Muhammad Abud in 1582. During the Emperor Shah Jahan, these divisions were carried onto such an extent as to cause in a falling of the imperial revenue. A new partition of the country was made the province of Bengal being formed into 13 large divisions instead of sub-divisions in 1721. In 1765 the financial administration of Faridpur, together with the rest of Bengal was captured by the British and in the criminal administration of the country at the correctors were invested with magisterial powers in 1790. In 1793 the correctors were relieved of their magisterial duties and separate officers were appointed united Judicial and Magisterial power together. The greater portion of Faridpur was then comprised within Dacca (present Dhaka) Jalalpur. Faridpur was separated from Dacca in 1811.

Earlier the district was known as Fatehabad. After the 12th Century in 1860, Sufi saint Shah Sheikh Farid uddin was renamed the district as Faridpur. In 1862, Faridpur town was declared a municipality. A District Prison was set up in 1865. In 1840, the Faridpur Zilla School was established and it is one of the oldest schools in modern day Bangladesh. After the creation of Pakistan, Faridpur became a sub-division of Dhaka Division. Faridpur district was broken into five separate districts: Rajbari, Gopalgonj, Madaripur, Shariatpur and Faridpur with the decentralization Program of the Bangladesh Government in 1984.

Faridpur is notable for its rich zamindari history. Most of the zamindar families were Hindus. During the reign of the Nawabs of Bengal, several Muslim zamindaris were established. The most powerful Muslim landlords were Nawab Abdul Latif and Chowdhury Moyezuddin Biswas. Haji Shariatullah, after returning from Mecca, began the famous Faraizi movement aimed at ending the persecution of Muslims by upper caste Hindu zamindars in the 1800s. The Indigo Resistance Movement which resisted Indigo plantations promoted by the British East India Company also began in Faridpur. The movement was led by Pir Dudu Miah.

Bengali nationalists frequently held large rallies in Faridpur after the creation of Pakistan. Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy and Sher-e-Bangla A. K. Fazlul Huq would regularly visit the district. Prior to the elections of 1954 which brought Bengali nationalists to power in Faridpur, the Jukta Front coalition held a massive rally on the grounds of the Biwshash Bari zamindar mansion in the village of Chanpur (just outside of theFaridpur). Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy, Maulana Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani and Sher-e-Bangla A. K. Fazlul Huq was attend in the rally.

During the Bangladesh Liberation War, Faridpur also saw many ruthless atrocities. On April 26, 1971 the Pakistan army landed on Daulatdia River port (present Rajbari) and began a massacre as soldiers went from village to village killing sleeping civilians during dawn.

Faridpur has a total area of 2070.41 square kilometer and the area of the town is 21.34 square kilometer. This district consists of 9 upazillas (Faridpur Sadar Upazilla, Charbhadrasan Upazilla, Boalmari Upazilla, Shaltha Upazilla, Alfadanga Upazilla, Sadarpur Upazilla, Madhukhali Upazilla, Bhanga Upazilla and Nagarkanda Upazilla), 4 municipalities, 79 union parishads, 36 wards, 92 mahallas and 1859 villages and the town consists of 9 wards and 35 mahallas. The town has a total population of 99, 826 where, male 59.12% and female 40.88% (Muslims 91%, Hindus 8% and other religion 01%). Here the average literacy rate is 66.6%. Paddy, jute, oilseed, pulse, peanut, coriander , turmeric, wheat, garlic and onion are the main crops in this region and main fruits are mango, jack fruit, black berry, coconut, betel nut, palm, papaya, banana, kul, tetul, bel and guava.

Economical environment in the Faridpur is normal. The district has mainly agro-based economy. The main exports are jute, Hilsa fish and sugarcane. The district has thriving fisheries and a growing poultry industry. Many medium and large industries and mills are increasing day by day. Bangladesh government announced plans to construct the long demanded Padma Multipurpose Bridge in 2009. When completed in 2012, it will be the longest bridge in South Asia. The Padma Bridge will greatly help in developing the Faridpur region as it would connect Dhaka with the districts.

Faridpur has a very good transport system with links to all the districts of Bangladesh. The main transport system in the city is train, buses, mini buses, cars and rickshaws. Faridpur is well connected by highways, waterways and railways links to whole Bangladesh and capital city Dhaka, as well as other parts of Rajshahi, Khulna, Rangpur, Chittagong, Barisal, Sylhet and the whole country. Government owned Bangladesh Road Transport Authority (BRTC) provides bus services to Faridpur and other cities. Besides this, many different companies bus are also available in this district.

Faridpur has also some educational facilities. The notable educational institutions are Faridpur Medical College, Faridpur Diabetic Association Medical College, Government Rajendra University College, Government Polytechnic Institute, Government Girls High School, Government Yasin College, Faridpur Zilla School, Saroda Shundori Mohila College, Faridpur High School, Moezuddin High School and Faridpur City College.

Faridpur has some tourist attraction. The main tourist attractions are poet Jasimuddin's House (renonwed Bengali poet), Faridpur District Court, Dighir Par Masjid, Bishwa Zaker Monjil, Faridpur Zilla School (one of the oldest schools in Bangladesh), Mazar of Dewan Saker Shah, ROUF NAGOR Museum, Moyez Manzil Palace, Baisrashi Babu Bari Palace, Basudeva Temple, Mothurapur Temple and River Research Institute.

Faridpur also produces some notable person in the Bangladesh’s history. Some of the notable persons are Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (Founder of Bangladesh), Jasim Uddin (Country's only pastoral poet), “Bir Shrestho” Munsi Muhammad Abdur Rouf (valiant war hero of 1971), Ambika Charan Majumder (President of the Indian National Congress), Buddhadeb Bhattacharya (Chief Minister of West Bengal), Akber Kabir (Former Advisor to the Government of Bangladesh under President Ziaur Rahman & renowned philanthropist), Nawab Abdul Latif (renowned Muslim educator and social reformer during the 19th Century), Humayun Kabir (eminent Indian politician, educationist and former adviser to the Government of India under Jawaharlal Nehru), Chowdhury Moyezuddin Biwshash (renowned zamindar, politician and social reformer during the 19th Century), Mohonmiah Yusuf Ali Chowdhury (Eminent Muslim League politician), Chowdhury Abdallah Zaheeruddin (Former Central Minister of Labor, Federal Government of Pakistan), Fakir Alamgir (Popular folk singer), Babar Kabir (renowned environmentalist), Geeta Dutta (Indian playback singer), Khushi Kabir (Co-ordinator of Non-Government Organization, Nijera Kori & social activist), Alamgir M. A. Kabir (Former Advisor to the Caretaker Government of Bangladesh, Former Inspector-General of Police & recipient of Independence Day Award) etc.

If you want to know more about Faridpur, please visit: Faridpur Government Web Portal.

1 comment:

  1. Faridpur is very beautiful city and district. It has lots of facilities and this district produces lots of famous person.