Wednesday, October 19, 2011

Jasimuddin - (The Rural Poet)

Jasimuddin is a famous and popular Bengali poet of Bangladesh. He was not only a poet but also prose writer, songwriter, radio personality and folklore collector. He is generally known as “Polli Kobi” or “Rural Poet” of Bangladesh. Here “Polli” means “Rural” and “Kobi” means “Poet”. He has been a faithful rendition of Bangla folklore in his works. He was also one of the pioneers of the progressive and non-communal cultural movement in East Pakistan (Present Bangladesh). He received many awards including Ekushey Padak-Bangladesh (1976),
Independence Day Award, Bangladesh -posthumous (1978), DLitt. by Rabindra Bharati University-India (1969) and President's Award for Pride of Performance-Pakistan (1958) for his extra-ordinary work.

Jasimuddin was born on 1st January 1903 in the house of his maternal uncle in the village of Tambul khana at Faridpur District. His full name was Jasimuddin Mollah and his father name was Ansaruddin Mollah, who worked in a school as a teacher. Jasimuddin received his primary education at Faridpur Welfare School. In 1921, he passed his S.S.C from Faridpur Zilla School and in 1924; he completed his H.S.C from Rajendra College. In 1929, Jasimuddin got his BA and in 1931 he got his MA degree in Bangla from the University of Calcutta. After that Jasimuddin worked under Dinesh Chandra Sen as a folk literature collector in 1931-1937. He collected more than 10,000 folk songs. In 1938, he joined the University of Dhaka and worked there as a Lecturer till 1944. After that he left the University of Dhaka and in the same year (1944), he joined the Department of Information and Broadcasting till his retirement as a Deputy Director. In 1962, he retired from Department of Information.

Jasimuddin wrote his famous poet “Kabar” (Grave) when he was a college student. This dramatic poet was placed in the entrance Bangla textbook while he was a student of Calcutta University. He always described rural life and nature in his poet and that’s why he is folk or rural poet. His “Nokshi Kathar Maath” (Field of the Embroidered Quilt) is considered a masterpiece and has been translated into many different languages. After the independence of Bangladesh he wrote some patriotic songs and Islamic songs.

Rakhali (Shepherd) is the first book of verse of Jasimuddin and it was published in 1927. His other books are Naksi Kathar Math (1929), Thakur Badir Aninay (1961), Bhayabaha Sei Dingulite (1962), Sojan Badiyar Ghat (1933), Bangalir Hasir Galpa, Rangila Nayer Majhi (1935), Dalim Kumar, Matir Kanna (1951), Padma Nadir Deshe (1969), Suchayani (1961), Germanir Shahare Bandare (1975), Padmapar (1950), Pallibadhu (1956), Gramer Maya (1959), Smaraner Sarani Bahi (1978), Beder Meye (1951) etc. He also wrote a novel in 1964, it was Boba Kahini. He edited two books on folk music: Jarigan (1968) and Murshida Gan (1977).

Jasimuddin died on 13 March 1976 and he was buried at Gobindapur, Faridpur. Now every year a festival (known as “Jasim Mela”) is observed at Gobindapur in January commemorating the birthday of Jasimuddin. A residential hall of the University of Dhaka also bears his name.

1 comment:

  1. Jasimuddin the rural poet in Bangladesh. We like his all poet. Jasimuddin born in Bangladesh at Faridpur. I also born in Faridpur for that i love him so much.