Sunday, December 4, 2011

Michael Modhusudan Dutta

Michael Madhusudan Dutta is a renowned Bengali poet and a popular dramatist of Bangladesh. He is widely considered to be one of the greatest poets in Bengali literature and the father of “Bangla sonnet”. He pioneered what came to be called “Amitrakshar chhanda (blank verse)”. He loved his motherland very much after realizing the attraction of Bengali literature. His famous work is “Meghnad Bodh Kavya”. It is a tragic epic and it consists of nine cantos and is quite exceptional in Bengali literature both in terms of style and content. Besides this, his major works
are The Captive Lady, Tilottama, Visions of the Past, Ratnavali, and Rizia.

Michael Madhusudan Dutta was born on 25th January 1824 in Sagardari. Sagardari is village of Keshobpur Upozilla under the Jessore District on the bank of Kopotakkho River. In 1824, it was under British India but at present is under the Bangladesh. His father was Rajnarayan Dutta and his mother was Jahnabi Devi. He started his education in a village named Shekpura, at an old mosque, where he went to learn Persian. Madhusudan Dutta was a talented student in his childhood.

Madhusudan Dutta desired to be an Englishman in form and manner from an early age. After his born, he was Hinduism but later he converted to Christianity to the ire of his family and adopted the first name, Michael. He dreamt of achieving great fame the moment he landed abroad. He composed his early works poetry and drama almost entirely in English. Plays like Ratnavali, Sormistha and translations like Neel Durpan and poems like Captive Ladie which was written on the mother of his close friend Sri Bhudev Mukhopadhyay, indicate a high level of intellectual sophistication.

Michael Madhusudan Dutta also wrote poems about the sorrows and afflictions of love as spoken by women. He married twice. First he married Rebecca Mactavys though she had four children, when Madhusudan was in Madras. In 1856, when he returned from Madras to Kolkata, he again married after his father’s death.

Michael Madhusudan died on 27th June 1873 in Calcutta General Hospital just three days after death of Henrietta. Bankim Chandra Chatterjee said that, he is the father of modern Bengali prose.


  1. Michael Madhusudan Dutta struggled in his whole life in every sector.

  2. My favorite poet is Maikel Modushudun. He is the father of Bangla sonnet. All kinds of writing, novels, and poem are so much nice.

  3. He was the greatest writer in this world. I like his all poem so much.

  4. Michael Modhusudan Dutta was born in Bangladesh at village of Sagurdari. He pass his life in other country but love his country so much.